The oldest quenas found in Peru predate the Inca times as much as 3500 hundred years. Originally this instrument was made out of the leg bones of flamingos, human femurs and bamboo. Today is mostly built out of bamboo or wood and there are variations made out of wood, PVC pipe and copper pipe. During the times of the Spanish colony, the Spanish prohibited the Indians from playing it because they thought the Indians became estranged by its sound as well as provoking rebellious feelings among them. Its beautiful and distinctive tone can be heard today throughout the Andean regions of South America and it is probably the wind instrument of choice among the indigenous people, especially herders and peasants. A longer, deeper toned variant is called the Quenacho, and another variant with an extended mouthpiece is called the Pinkuyo.